Wing Chun (詠春) is known throughout the world for its simplistic, practical and effective Chinese martial art. It was developed and founded by a Buddhist nun Ng Mui (五枚師太), nearly 300 years ago in China.
Wing Chun’s concepts, structure and techniques utilise an understanding of the human body (muscles, tendons, and skeletal structure), the human mind, and the physical laws of motion and mechanics, such that a person can generate power regardless of size or physical strength.
Wing Chun specialises in close range fighting and where defence and attack are in a synchronised movement.
The Wing Chun System consists of the following:
Yee Jee Kim Yeung Ma (二字拑羊馬) – Wing Chun Stance
Siu Nim Tao (小念頭)
- To cultivate Inertia Energy with the Siu Lim Tao structure. This allows the practitioner’s structure, Yee Jee Kim Yeung Ma to be very powerful, as well as effective in attack or defence.
Chum Kiu (尋橋)
- To generate Potential Energy by using Inertia Energy and moving the Siu Lim Tao structure as one unit. This allows the practitioner to generate power while using their entire body mass.
Biu Jee (鏢指)
- To generate Kinetic Energy by using Potential Energy (and therefore Inertia Energy) as quickly and swiftly as possible. This allows the practitioner to channel an incredible amount of power to a single point.
Muk Yan Jong (木人樁) – Wooden Dummy Form or Hoong Jong (空樁) – Empty Form
- Involves combining all three forms; Siu Nim Tao, Chum Kiu & Biu Jee and applying it to the wooden dummy as a training tool for fighting.
Luk Dim Boon Gwun (六點半棍) – Six and Half Point Long Pole
Baat Jaam Dao (八斬刀) – Eight Chopping Knives
The weapons; Luk Dim Boon Gwun & Baat Jaam Dao involve the application of Wing Chun theory, structure, and energy to weapons as an extension of the body.
There is also Chi Sau (黐手) – Sticking Hands & Tek Gerk (踢腳) – Wing Chun Kicks.